September 4, 2018 07:39:46
Source: Foreign Affairs
Original title: Brazil’s national blog suffered a 200-year history of fires and “nights”
A big fire, the 200-year-old National Museum of Brazil was in catastrophe.
On the evening of September 2, local time, the Brazilian National Museum in the Brazilian city of Rio de Janeiro was devastated by fire. More than 20 million items in the museum were threatened by the sea of fire.
Brazilian President Temer said on Twitter that "two hundred years of hard work, investigation and knowledge have disappeared. This is a sad day for all Brazilians."
The National Museum of Brazil is the oldest museum in Brazil and houses countless precious collections. 2018 coincides with the 200th anniversary of the National Museum of Brazil, and I was not expected to suffer this disaster.
How is the fire?
When the National Museum of Brazil caught fire, the museum was closed and four security personnel in the museum escaped in time. No casualties were found.
According to CNN, after the fire broke out, firefighters from seven states joined the fire-fighting team and fired fire overnight.
According to Roberto Robadey, head of the Brazilian fire department at the Associated Press, the initial firefighting work was slower because the firefighters rushed to the scene to prepare for the fire, but found that the museum firefighting facilities were short of water. The fire brigade can only go to the nearby lake to pump fire, which delays the best time for fire fighting.
Why is it a fire?
As of now, the official fires and museums in Brazil have not yet announced the specific cause of the fire.
But the deputy director of the museum said in an interview with Globo TV that the museum has been ignored by the government for many years. "We have never received any funding from the federal government." For many years, the museum has repeatedly sought government help, but government officials have ignored it. This June is the celebration of the 200th anniversary of the museum, and no ministerial officials have been invited to attend.
According to NBC News, the National Museum has just entered into an investment agreement with the Brazilian National Social and Economic Development Bank. The bank promised to provide 21.7 million reais (about 5.35 million U.S. dollars) to renovate the museum, but part of the funds must wait until the October presidential election. Fire protection facilities are also included in the renovation plan, which is "the most terrible irony."
According to CCTV, the fire is developing rapidly because the museum is mostly woody and has many flammable materials.
How big is the loss?
Brazilian President Temer said the loss was priceless.
The museum director said that they have not had time to calculate the specific losses.
The museum news secretariat said that because the fire has always been out of control, the collection may have been burned.
But the head of the fire department, Robadey, said that with the help of museum staff, they rescued some of the collections.
What are the precious cultural relics in the museum?
The National Museum of Brazil dates back to 1818 and was founded by John VI. The exhibits include animals, insects, tableware for indigenous people, dinosaur fossils, tiger bones like teeth, Egyptian mummies, fish specimens, beautiful pottery before the Columbus era, South American archaeological artifacts, meteorites, fossils, etc.
The pavilion is divided into four main sections: Ancient Egypt, Mediterranean Culture, Pre-Colombian Archaeology and Brazilian Archaeology. There are currently 20 million collections, many of which are invaluable.
The oldest human fossil in South America: the female fossil "Luzia Woman" unearthed in 1975 and estimated to live in 12000 BC.
The world's largest meteorite: the Wollaston crater meteorite, discovered in 1784, weighs 5.36 tons.
Human ceramic statue (Vari culture in Peru): AD 500-1200
Egyptian Mummy (Princess Kherima): 1st to 3rd centuries AD
What do Brazilians think?
According to Bernard Mello Franco, a famous Brazilian columnist, "The tragedy on Sunday is partly a national suicide. This is a crime against our past and future."
Brazilian Minister of Culture Sérgio SáLeit?o told the local media that the museum was devastated by the flames and said that the fire "should be avoided."
Brazilian anthropologist Gomez said: "Brazil is only 500 years old. This museum has witnessed 200 years of it, and now we will lose it forever."
The mayor of Rio de Janeiro, Marcelo Krivilla, wrote on Instagram that “rebuilding the museum is a national obligation”.
Museum director João Carlos Nella said that this loss is never recoverable.
Marco Aurelio Caldas, a museum scientist who has worked in the museum for more than nine years, said, "This is the result of 200 years of scientific research and the most important research institute in Latin America. Now everything is over.